What to do if electric shock occurs in the bathroom?
List of possible reasons
So, for starters, let's talk about why a jet of water from the tap or the bath itself nibbles fingers. Problems can be either due to a malfunction in your wiring, or through the fault of neighbors. In the first case, the main causes of electric shocks are:
- The washing machine or water heater is not grounded and, if it fails, they are shocked. If so far you have not done grounding in a private house, then decide this moment as quickly as possible. The yellow-green wire, also called “ground”, will protect you in case of electricity leakage, thereby the tap or pipes will not be plucked. About, how to ground wiring in an apartment we also told.
- Damage to insulation in wiring. Very often the cause of the malfunction is a broken wire in the wall, which, in fact, creates electric leakage on a metal faucet, bathtub and wet walls. You can find a wire break in the wall using a special device for finding hidden wiring. If you do not have skills in using such devices, you can read our instructions or call a professional to find a problem area.
- If a stream of water from a faucet beats an electric current, then most likely there has been a failure of the heater in the water heater. You can check this point with a multimeter, again, if you know how to use it. If you live in an apartment, then perhaps the water heater has broken down in the neighbors, as a result of which the water from the faucet nibbles your fingers.
- Also, in the case of the apartment, quite often very uneducated neighbors make grounding in the bathroom, connecting the PE wire to the riser. As a result, if there is a leak in their apartment, it will shock you. Here, one more unfavorable case can be attributed. Some neighbors are trying to save on electricity by connecting the neutral wire to the water pipes, which allows you to unwind the meter. As you know, with this connection, electricity will pass through the pipes and to your bathroom, as a result of which, the faucet and damp walls will be slightly shocked.
You can clearly see one of the reasons on the video:
Above, we have indicated the main reasons why you can pinch your fingers a little in the bathroom. Now let's talk about how to solve each of the problems ourselves.
How to fix the situation
If you live in a private house, be sure to ground the wiring and, accordingly, if it is, check the integrity of the circuit by measuring its resistance. Also make sure that the water heater or washing machine is in good condition.First disconnect them from the mains and if the electric shocks cease, proceed to the troubleshooting. It is quite difficult to determine the breakdown in the wiring, without having certain skills, however, if you want, try to make an audit of all outlets, switches, and also check the wiring in the wall with a special tester. By the way, the sockets in the bathroom themselves must have IP degree of protection 44 and above. Switches are best located outside for electrical safety reasons.
It is also necessary to protect electrical appliances with a residual current device, which will instantly turn off electricity in the serviced area if it detects current leaks. For bathroom recommended choose an RCD with a response characteristic of 10 mA.
Another important point is the presence of a common house and individual potential equalization systems, which combines all the pipes in the room, the sink and the bath itself with a ground bus. Make sure that you have such a system in your apartment, and just as importantly, check its performance.
Well, if you are convinced that the washing machine with the boiler is intact, and the wiring is working, but at the same time it breaks electricity in the bathroom, feel free to go to the neighbors and find out what problems they may have in their apartment. If you are sure that they are unwinding the meter in this way or simply made an unsafe ground, as a result of which you are shocked, please contact your service organization, which will come with a check and find out what is the matter. About, what to do if neighbors steal electricity, we told in a separate article.
That's all I wanted to tell you about this issue. We hope that now you know why the water from the faucet, the wall, or the mixer itself is shocking in the bathroom and what to do to solve the problem!