RCD connection diagram in a three-phase network

The connection of a three-phase RCD is widely used in ensuring the safety of the electrical industry. The four-pole leakage protection modules are designed for installation in distribution networks, the input terminals of which are supplied with three voltage phases. As a rule, in an apartment of a high-rise building, the power supply system for 380 Volts does not find application, but in a private house, in a garage or in a country house, this is quite an acceptable option. Residual Current Devices are connected in the switchboard of the input device and serve to protect the wiring from fire in the event of a leak, the threshold for their operation is designed for high currents. In practice, the connection of a three-phase leakage protection device to the motor circuit also finds application. To protect a person from damage leakage current it is necessary to connect an additional protection device to single-phase power supply groups, the current setting of which is about 10-30 mA. In this article, various schemes for connecting a three-phase RCD to a 380 Volt network will be considered.

What is important to know?

Before proceeding with the installation of the device, you must familiarize yourself with the rules color marking wires. In accordance with the requirements of the PUE, the following procedure for marking conductors by color has been adopted:

Appointment Colour Letter designation
zero working blue N
Zero working and protective


Blue, yellow-green stripes at the ends PEN
Zero protective Yellow green PE
phase yellow AND
phase green AT
phase red WITH

Schema Overview

Installation of a four-pole RCD module is based on the same principle as for a two-pole device used in single-phase power networks. The manufacturer attaches a passport to the product, which shows the most common scheme for connecting a residual current device to a three-phase network using neutral. For ease of installation, the connection diagram is shown on the module housing and looks as follows:

Electric circuit of the switch of differential current

The wiring diagram for connecting a four-pole RCD to three phases is simple and accessible to a person who does not have the qualifications of an electrician. Three phases of a supply voltage of 380 volts and a neutral working conductor are connected to the four input terminals of the device.

RCD circuit diagram

Conductors coming from the four output terminals are connected to the distribution network of the house, apartment, cottage or garage. Given that 3 phases (A, B, C) supply electricity to devices rated for 380 volts, and each individual phase in combination with the neutral wire N provides power to a group of single-phase consumers of 220 volts. A three-phase 380 volt network can be connected to a pump, compressor, concrete mixer, a lathe or a welding machine. Further connection to one phase is made through circuit breakers.

To protect against leakage currents in a 220 volt network, it is necessary to provide for the connection of single-phase RCDs or differential machines.Typically, these protection devices are installed in places saturated with electrical appliances, as well as in rooms with high moisture content: in the kitchen or workshop, in the bathhouse or bathroom. For the convenience of electrical installation work, repair and maintenance, it is advisable to bring the neutral conductor N to the zero bus located in the switchboard, as shown in the diagram below:

The three-phase RCD module is mounted in the shield of the input device on din rail, as well as automatic machines, is equipped with quick-detachable fasteners. Connection occurs after the counter. One three-phase leakage current protection device can be used to protect three single-phase networks at once.

Before making a connection in the house of a four-pole RCD, it is necessary to take into account grounding system the electricity network through which electricity is supplied to it. Single-phase devices can remain operational when connected to a 220 V power supply, both with grounding and without grounding. The operation of a three-phase leakage protection device is allowed only in networks with the tn-s system, which provides zero working and zero protective conductor.

As a rule, the bulk of the electrical networks of the domestic housing stock operates in the outdated tn-c system, in which there is no PE conductor. Three-phase RCD operation in the tn-c system is strictly prohibited. In this case, the PUE permits the use of three-phase devices, only if provided grounding of the house. In order to install this device and to protect the house wiring from fire that may occur as a result of current leakage, it is necessary to equip the grounding circuit, which will ensure the transition to the tn-c-s system.

Finally, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the video with another installation diagram of an RCD for 380 V, without a neutral wire:

So we examined the possible schemes for connecting a three-phase RCD to the network. As you can see, you can connect the protective device in various ways, it all depends on the conditions of use.

It will be useful to read:

(2 votes)

One comment

  • Vadim

    Hello ! Tell me, is it possible to connect this way through HELL 14. whether the electronic difavtomat will also protect. What RCD did you use? Vadim.

    To answer

Add a comment