Decoding of marking of electric motors of domestic and import
Modern designation and interpretation of the parameters of electric motors
Marking has several main positions:
- brand (type) of electric motors;
- execution option;
- working length of the axis of rotation;
- mounting mounting dimensions;
- core length;
- number of pole pairs;
- structural modification;
- Climatic performance.
The following is a decoding of the designations of modern engines.
Below you see an example of a complete labeling of asynchronous motors and its decoding.
The degree of protection of the electric motor against dust and moisture according to IP class is also indicated, with numbers from 0 to 8. Here, the first digit is protection against dust, and the second is from moisture.
In this case, the name indicates the mounting version. According to the installation code, you can determine how the engines are mounted - on the feet or using a flange. For example, IM 1081 speaks about mounting on paws, and that it is possible to install the shaft up, down or horizontally.
For an explosion-proof electric drive, the package of accompanying documents must have a certificate stating the marking according to the degree of explosion protection, its type and scope of application. Also, in engine markings, if the letter B is first indicated, it is explosion-proof, for example, VA07A (M) -450-710.
Moreover, the designation of DC motors is different from AC and has the form as shown in the figure.
- AIR - type of asynchronous machine;
- 80 - shaft length;
- A-mounting size;
- 4-number of poles;
- У- is intended for work in a temperate climate;
- 3-installed indoors.
Power 1.1 kW, rotation speed 1420 rpm. It can work from alternating current voltage of 220 or 380 volts when turning on the windings triangle or star.
The current consumption will be 4.9 / 2.8A, respectively. Degree of protection IP54. Made in the Republic of Belarus.
Connection diagram and decoding of terminal designations in the box
There is a terminal box on the electric motor, it is also called "brno". Where the bolts fasten the findings of the beginning and end of the stator windings.
The figure above shows the box with the terminal marking, and the figure below shows the terminals of the windings, which, by bridging in a certain way, can be connected by a triangle or a star:
- U1 is the end of the first winding, and W2 is the beginning of the third;
- V1 is the end of the second, and U2 is the beginning of the first;
- W1 is the end of the third, and V2 is the beginning of the second.
By bridging the contacts U1, V1, W1 we get the connection of the windings with a star, and by bridging the pairs of contacts U1 with W2, V1 with U2, W1 with V2 - windings connected by a triangle.
Marking of imported engines
Imported motors use the same marking.
The figure shows the nameplate of an electric motor made in Italy. Where is the marking similar to domestic engines, but by European standards. According to these data, you can choose a domestic analogue.
The German company Siemens produces electric motors for various purposes. In this case, the designation on the nameplate shows the data for the standard voltage, but for different frequencies of the supply voltage. The figure below shows the decryption of the information from the Siemens engine nameplate.
A similar marking of electric motors is placed on the nameplates of Chinese manufacturers. Often they produce products under well-known brands, such as the same Siemens.
Determination of engine parameters without a nameplate
If there is no plate on the engine, and there is no passport, the question arises of how to determine its power. There are several ways to do this:
- Having measured the diameter and length of the shaft, its parameters are calculated from the table.
- Knowing the overall and mounting dimensions, it is possible to select electric motors from this information, according to the tables that you will find at the link below.
- By measuring the resistance of the windings, the formula determines the power. To do this, measure the resistance when connected by a star. The result is divided by 2. The obtained data is substituted into the formula: P = (220v * 220v) / R, we multiply the resulting figure by 3, this will be the desired power. When connected by a star, the calculation is carried out according to the same formula, the result is multiplied by 6. We get the necessary power.
- Having connected the motor to the network, an ammeter measures the no-load current. Then, according to the table, engines are selected.
This situation often arises in the workplace. Therefore, electricians must understand how to find out the power of engines in the absence of a nameplate.
When connecting, electricians must take into account the direction of rotation of the drive shaft connected to the pumps. This applies to both three-phase and single-phase motors. On some motors, an arrow is applied to the body indicating the direction of rotation.
We wrote about this in detail in a separate article published earlier -https://my.electricianexp.com/en/kak-opredelit-moshhnost-elektrodvigatelya.html.
Marking motors for RC models
Marking of brushless motors on the model has two indicators: stator dimensions diameter / height or external dimensions. They are indicated by a four-digit numerical value, for example, 2212. The first two digits determine the diameter, and the second - the length of the stator in millimeters.
Please note that the dimensions are indicated not of the housing, but of the stator. The above motor type 2212 is outrunner in design, i.e. brushless motor with external rotor. The dimensions of its body will differ from 22 and 12 mm.
However, the external dimensions of the stator is a marketing move of sales managers, because there can be any winding in it.
So we examined what is the marking of electric motors and their decoding. If you have questions, ask them in the comments under the article!